Research Stages in Conducting a Research
The following are the stages of conducting research.
1. Problem identification or formulation of research problem.
A problem is a question or idea of interest which ought to be answered through data collection. The researcher is required to:
Single out the problem of study.
Understand the problem e.g.; mass failure in secondary schools.
Researcher should make a survey of a place where the research is going to be conducted to know things like transport, weather etc.
3. Literature review
This reading various publications to know what other people say about what you are investigating.
4. Formulation of hypothesis
This is an assumption based on what one expects to find out in the field. It can be either true or false.e.g mass failure in school is due to inadequate teaching and learning materials.
5. Research designing
This is the arrangement of conditions for collection and analysis of data in the manner that aim to combine relevance to the research purpose. It is the conceptual structure within which the study is conducted.
6. Data collection
Refers to the collection of various information data in the field to enrich a research. Data collection can be done by observation, interview, questionnaires, or group discussions.
7. Analysis of data
The data you have, make no sense until you convert the information into sensible ideas, and make no sense until they answer the question you had asked in the problem.
8. Hypothesis testing
After data analysis the researcher needs to test the hypothesis formulated earlier the major question here is whether the fact support the hypothesis or not.
9. Data interpretation and preservation
After getting correct information about the study topic the analyzed data is interpreted and preserved in different statistical graphs and charts so that it can be understood to everyone.
10. Report writing
At the end of the research, the researcher has to prepare a report of what has been done the researchers’ finding have to be communicated or exposed to the public.
Research needs to be conducted in a clear and organized manner so as to obtain answers to the stated problem.The preparation of research proposal should be done before conducting it. Sometimes it may be hard to get data from the targeted population. Sampling should be used to obtain a representative population and save time as well as utilize resources economically.
The use of Research Output and Recommendations
Explain the use of research output and recommendations
Generally all the above steps are helpful, if each stage will be done effectively will help to obtain factual information/solutions about various phenomena under consistence /effective preparation.
Research recommendations are the results or conclusion of research conducted. They are very useful to individuals and nations as a whole. Social economic conditions are assessed based on various researches. Research recommendations can be used to change the constitution, make policies and creating new ways of doing things. To invest in researches is worth, they're great drive of development.